Consumption Tab

FlexNet Manager Suite 2019 R1 (On-Premises Edition)
The Consumption tab has three functions.
  • It shows how the entitlements on this license are being consumed, as at the last compliance calculation (the date and time of that calculation are shown on the Compliance tab) – that is, this page always shows current consumption.
    Tip: When FlexNet Manager Suite is responsible for sub-capacity points calculations (see IBM PVU Scanning), you can compare these current figures with the historical peak values by switching to the IBM PVU License Consumption report, using the link provided. Your license liability to IBM is not determined by the current consumption shown on this page, but by the sum of the peak values for each of three mandatory IBM regions within the reporting period.
  • It allows you to allocate entitlements to individual computers or users (as appropriate for different license types) – see discussion below.
  • It allows you to manage license keys for individual devices/users (depending on license type), provided that on the Identification tab, the license key Rule has been set to one of: (Other rule values move license key management to separate tabs.)
Tip: Because this list can display virtual machines nested under their host server, it is a tree rather than a simple list. Trees do not allow sorting or grouping. However, if you search or filter the data, the tree is converted into a simple list, and you can sort the results of your search.
Important: For IBM PVU licenses, when FlexNet Manager Suite is responsible for sub-capacity points calculations (see IBM PVU Scanning), the list of devices may include some with a Status value of Archived and showing zero for their current consumption. These are inventory devices that are in transition towards deletion, but are currently held as Archived because they have historical impact on the calculation of peak consumption of PVU points within the data retention period (see System Settings: Licensing Tab). When they no longer affect retrospective calculations, they are automatically deleted to complete the process.

Because ways of measuring entitlements and consumption vary across license types, the appearance of this tab varies by license type. Not all of the controls listed below are available for every license type.

Tip: If there is a lot of data to display on this tab, it may take a short while to load. While the data is loading, a progress graphic displays. During the load time, you can continue to access data on other tabs of this property sheet. Switching tabs will not delay the loading time.

Why to allocate (and why not)

Allocation makes a fixed relationship between a computer (or user) and the license. How this affects consumption depends on inventory results and other settings:
  • If inventory shows that this computer (or user) should consume from this license, the allocation gives them the highest priority on the license.

    Suppose your license has 10 entitlements; and there are 12 installations in inventory, of which 5 also have allocations. Those five will not be shown as over-consuming (at any compliance calculation using those numbers), because the allocation gives them top priority. Two of your other installations will be shown as over-utilized (too many installations for your entitlements); and as circumstances change, the particular installations shown as over-utilized may change with each compliance calculation; but on these numbers, the five allocations will never be shown as over-utilized.

  • If you allocate to a computer (or user) that does not show up in inventory for this license, by default the allocation has no immediate effect on consumption. However, there are two ways you can override that default behavior:
    • On this Consumption tab, you can select the row for the device/user in question (or use the search facility to add more related ones), click the Allocate drop-down, and select Permanent. Permanent allocations always consume from the license, regardless of inventory results (and the Consumed count is updated after the next license reconciliation). This control applies at the level of the individual user or inventory device — you can set different allocation types on different rows.
    • On the Use rights & rules tab (License consumption rules section), if Allocations consume license entitlements is set, each allocation is always counted as consumption, at top priority, regardless of any inventory results. This is an override that affects every allocation on the Consumption tab identically, regardless of the displayed consumption type. Only rows showing Unallocated are exempt from the effects of this license-wide setting.
    Tip: You can also edit allocations from the "other side" of the relationship between the license and the device/user. Either on the inventory device properties, or on the user properties (as appropriate for this license), select the Licenses tab. In that listing, the Allocation type column gives the same control over allocation type, including setting a Permanent allocation.
In addition, allocating a computer (or user) to this license prevents them from consuming any alternative license that may cover the same product.
  • If you assign an installation-based license key to an individual computer (or user), this also sets an allocation so that the relationship between them and this license is maintained.
  • Similarly, if you create an exemption for an inventory device, this functions as an allocation to maintain the relationship (preventing the device from consuming from another license for the same application).
Tip: For licenses that support virtualization, making an allocation to the VM host automatically flows down to the virtual machines installed on that host. As described above, this gives any appropriate inventory from both the host and any of its child VMs top priority in consuming from the license with allocation, and prevents them from consuming from any other relevant license. If, in addition, the Allocations consume license entitlements check box is set, then the VM host server counts for consumption regardless of inventory for the host; but the behavior for child VMs is unchanged (they consume at top priority when inventory shows consumption is appropriate). In this context, "licenses that support virtualization" include:
  • Oracle Processor and Oracle Named User Plus licenses
  • IBM PVU licenses
  • Any other license for which Rights on virtual machines and hosts is set to something other than No special virtualization rights (navigate to the license properties, Use rights & rules tab, and click on the Rights on virtual machines and hosts header to expand this section of the accordion).
Important: For IBM PVU licenses, when FlexNet Manager Suite is responsible for sub-capacity points calculations (see IBM PVU Scanning), the effects of allocations and exemptions are retroactive throughout the entire data retention period (see System Settings: Licensing Tab), and on into the future. That is, for IBM PVU points, changes to allocations or exemptions are assumed to be corrections that apply throughout the available reporting period(s).
To summarize the above discussion, you might have one of five reasons to make an allocation:
  1. To give a certain device (or person) top priority use of this license
  2. To prevent that device (or person) consuming from an alternative license that could otherwise cover the installation
  3. To force counting for a device (or person) that cannot show up in inventory
  4. To correct historical data for IBM PVU points calculation
  5. To assign a license key (entering the license key value automatically makes the allocation). For details, see either of:
    Note: Counting is automatic for licenses driven by installation (typical device or user licenses). Where possible (that is, where the imported inventory has sufficient detail), FlexNet Manager Suite also calculates the appropriate number of points when a points-based license is allocated to a device. When inventory details are inadequate (for example, hardware cores are not reported), you can manually set the number of points for each allocation. For details, see Overridden Consumption.

And there is one big reason not to make allocations: you'll forget that you did. When the business circumstances change (the person is reassigned, the machine no longer has that software installed), you need to manually undo the allocation that you manually made. Which is why, if you are investigating license consumption, it's always handy to check the Allocated column in the list below.

For the two different ways to make an allocation on this tab (based on whether or not the consumption was discovered through inventory), see Making License Allocations.

How license properties impact consumption

Many license properties impact how many entitlements of a license are consumed. The following table describes some example use cases and the corresponding consumption:

Allocations consume entitlements Allocation type Applications(s) linked to license Installation found? Overridden consumption Exemption reason Consumption


Any Any Not applicable Not applicable Yes 0


Permanent Any Not applicable Yes No Overridden consumption
Any Permanent No Not applicable Yes No Overridden consumption


Permanent Yes Any No No Calculated consumption


Permanent No Not applicable No No 1
Selected Any No Not applicable No No 1
Selected Allocated Yes No Yes No Overridden consumption
Selected Allocated Yes No No No Calculated consumption
Unselected Allocated Yes No Not applicable No 0
Any Allocated Yes Yes No No Calculated consumption
Any Allocated Yes Yes Yes No Overridden consumption
Unselected Awaiting inventory Yes No Not applicable No 0
Selected Awaiting inventory Yes No Yes No Overridden consumption
Selected Awaiting inventory Yes No No No Calculated consumption
Any Awaiting inventory Yes Yes No No Calculated consumption
Any Awaiting inventory Yes Yes Yes No Overridden consumption

Links to license consumption report

Based on the type of the selected license, a link to license consumption report is displayed below the title of this page. You can click the available link to view the suggested report. For example, for Device licenses, a link to Device License Details Reportis displayed; for User licenses, a link to User License Details Report is displayed; and for IBM PVU licenses, a link to IBM PVU License Consumption report is displayed.

Oracle Standard Users

FlexNet Manager Suite automatically exempts the standard Oracle named users from consuming licenses on Oracle instances. The Appendix: Oracle Standard Users Exempted From Consuming Licenses in the Oracle Discovery and Inventory chapter of the FlexNet Manager Suite 2019 R1 System Reference PDF (available through the title page of online help) lists these standard users.

Consumption of processor-based licenses

The license consumption calculation for some processor-based licenses like Oracle Processor or IBM PVU depends on the hardware-specific details like Threads (max) or Threads per core (that is, a device that is missing these important values cannot consume from such a license, and is excluded from the license consumption calculations). When using data imported from any third-party systems, ensure that the hardware-specific details are present.

More details

Information about this tab is listed in the table of contents (on the left):